Vaccinations

No matter whether you own a dog, cat, rabbit or even a ferret, you can protect them from potentially fatal diseases by keeping them up to date with their vaccinations.

There are several manufacturers of vaccinations, here at Trefaldwyn, we routinely use Nobivac vaccines.

We can advise you on the best time to start your pet's vaccinations and how often a booster is required.

Puppies
 

Vaccinating Your Dog

Nobivac DHP

Nobivac DHP is a basic vaccine recommended for all puppies from 6 weeks of age onwards. We generally advise, if mother of the pups has been vaccinated to leave the first injection until 8 weeks of age.
The basic vaccination programme for DHP consists of two injections 2 to 4 weeks apart initially, then another one year later and then a booster every third year thereafter to ensure a dog keeps it's immunity.

The following diseases are covered by Nobivac DHP:

Canine Distemper
Canine distemper is highly contagious and can infect and be carried by wildlife (badgers, foxes, polecats). Infection in dogs causes a fever, respiratory signs and can affect the brain, causing seizures and death. Only supportive treatment is possible for a dog with distemper, and infection is frequently fatal.

Infectious Canine Hepatitis
Infectious Canine Hepatitis is also highly contagious, and can also be seen in foxes. Infected dogs can show anything from a slight fever to death, and 10% to 15% of infected dogs die. Infection can affect the ability of the blood to clot and death can result from spontaneous and uncontrollable bleeding. As with distemper, only supportive treatment is possible.

Canine Parvovirus
Canine parvovirus is relatively common in the UK, and is also highly contagious. The virus itself can survive in houses for over 2 months, and can persist for many years outside, making it difficult to prevent exposure of your dog to this virus. Certain breeds appear to be more susceptible to infection than others. Infection causes abdominal pain, fever, diarrhoea, dehydration and can lead to septicaemia or seizures and death very rapidly in young dogs. Treatment is supportive only and 10% to 30% of infected dogs will die despite treatment.

Nobivac L4

We recommend Nobivac L4 for all dogs in this area as we have seen fatal cases of leptospirosis in dogs despite being fully vaccinated with the previously used Nobivac L2. Nobivac L4 requires 2 initial injections 4 weeks apart, and then a yearly booster to maintain your dog's immunity.

Nobivac L4 covers 4 different serovars (strains) of leptospira:

Leptospirosis Serovars Canincola, Copenhageni, Bratislava and Bananal/Lianguang
Leptospirosis can be seen in cattle, pigs, horses and dogs and is frequently found in the urine of infected rats. In dogs, leptospirosis often appears and progresses rapidly, causing fever, vomiting, lethargy and a change in thirst. These signs are due to the acute kidney injury caused by leptospira bacteria, which can be accompanied by acute liver damage, both of which are difficult to reverse. Other effects can include respiratory illness, bleeding and anaemia. Often significant damage is done once signs are seen and treatment is difficult. Leptospirosis is frequently fatal in dogs. Owners of infected dogs are also at high risk of infection as the bacteria are shed in the bodily fluids. It is important to remember that leptospira bacteria can infect humans - and people can catch Weil's disease from their infected dog!

Nobivac KC

Nobivac KC is recommended for dogs that frequently encounter groups of other dogs, such as those who attend training classes, shoots or those being kenneled. This vaccine stimulates immunity against some of the main components of the kennel cough complex in dogs, and aims to reduce the severity and spread of disease. Nobivac KC is a yearly vaccination with no primary course required.

Nobivac KC stimulates immunity against:

Canine Parainfluenza Virus and Bordatella bronchiseptica
Kennel cough is usually a mild, self-resolving disease in dogs, but it can cause longterm complications in older dogs or those with other health problems, and can be fatal in puppies. Signs are usually a dry cough

Vaccinating Your Cat

Nobivac Tricat-Trio

Nobivac Tricat-Trio is a basic vaccine recommended for all kittens from 9 weeks of age onwards.
The basic vaccination programme for Tricat-Trio consists of two injections 3 to 4 weeks apart initially, then a yearly booster thereafter to ensure your cat is fully protected.

The following diseases are covered by Nobivac Tricat-Trio:

Feline Calicivirus
Feline calicivirus is highly contagious and can cause ulcers in the mouth, a lack of appetite, a shifting lameness and even pneumonia, which is life-threatening.

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis/Feline Herpesvirus
FVR is also highly contagious, and is often seen alongside feline calicivirus in the feline respiratory complex (or 'cat flu'). FVR causes all the classic signs of 'cat flu', including a high fever, sneezing, coughing and a runny nose. The recovery can take as long as 6 weeks for some cats and infection may be life-threatening for very young or old cats and those with existing health problems. FVR has also been associated with abortion and more generalised infections.

Feline Panleucopenia Virus
Feline panleucopenia virus is a parvovirus that affects cats. It is highly contagious and infection is often fatal. As with canine parvovirus, FPV can survive for long periods in the environment and can be carried on shoes to indoor cats. FPV can affect the bone mnarrow, causing a deficiency in all blood cells and can also infect the brain in very young kittens, causing irreversible damage and often death. Like canine parvovirus, the most obvious signs are vomiting and diarrhoea, untreated this rapidly leads to severe illness and death.

Nobivac FeLV

We recommend Nobivac FeLV for all cats as infection can be so devastating. Nobivac FeLV requires 2 initial injections 3-4 weeks apart, and then a yearly booster thereafter.

Nobivac FeLV prevents viraemia and clinical signs associated with FeLV infection:

Feline Leukaemia Virus is transmitted by close contact with other cats including fighting and grooming. Infection initially causes a fever, lethargy and a reduction in certain blood cell lines, and in some cats this initial infection can lead to death. Where the initial infection does not cause death, the virus can cause cancer (lymphoma or leukaemia) and/or immunosuppression which often manifests as repeated infections. FeLV is a major cause of death in young cats.

Vaccinating Rabbits and Ferrets

Nobivac Myxo-RHD

We recommend this vaccine for all rabbits from 5 weeks of age. An annual injection is required to ensure continued protection.

The following diseases are covered by Myxo-RHD:

Myxomatosis
Myxomatosis is transmitted by direct contact, fleas, mosquitos and biting flies and is present in the UK. The first sign of infection is conjunctivitis and a high fever, some rabbits die within 48 hours of developing signs while others may become progressively more unwell with swelling of the head and ears and eventually coma and death. In affected rabbitries up to 90% of rabbits may die.

Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease
RHD is transmitted by direct contact but the virus can also be carried on objects and clothing. The first sign of infection is a high fever and death within 24hrs. In outbreaks, up to 90% of rabbits can die of infection. With RHD, prevention is key to survival.

Vaccinating Ferrets

We recommend vaccinating any ferret that has outdoor access against canine distemper virus. There is no effective treatment for CDV in ferrets and infection is invariably fatal. We use the Nobivac DHP vaccine in ferrets and a yearly booster is required to ensure protection.